Above ground storage tanks (ASTs) play important roles in various industries. These include the storage of large amounts of crude oil, petroleum, water, and other toxic substances. Although made to last for a long time, this does not mean that owners and operators should already become lax on its maintenance.
There are many different rules and regulations that come along with the construction of above ground storage tanks, and owners and operators have to abide by them. For instance, the API standard 650 sets the rules for the designing, processing, welding, inspection, and installation of ASTs used in the gasoline, chemical, oil, petroleum, and water storage industries.
Standards for Soon-to-Be Constructed Storage Tanks
For the new erection of above ground storage tanks, constructors have to abide by the API 650 regulations. This means that they should follow everything on “Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage” handbook set by the American Petroleum Institute.
For Existing Storage Tanks
In cases wherein existing or constructed above ground storage tanks used in the non-hazardous field but will be used in this department also have certain standards to follow. These include comprehensive inspection and testing according to the appropriate API standard.
Inspections: An Integral Component of the Standard
Although the API standard inspection requirements vary from state to state, they all share the same goal: to ensure that the above ground storage tanks remain undamaged. Even the slightest, smallest problem, such as a tiny leak, in the AST can already cause a huge catastrophe. Licensed API inspectors also conduct the same procedures when it comes to repairs, reconstructions, replacements, and alterations of ASTs.
It is not just a must for owners and operators to follow these standards religiously; it is also the ethical thing to do, seeing that damaged ASTs can severely affect both humans and the environment alike.