a minimalist office design with silver desktops and white chairsA business’s success heavily relies on the performance of the employees. For this reason, it has become a responsibility for bosses and managers to encourage employee productivity.

Some of the ways to do this are training, matching employee skills with tasks, and communication. Though among the most effective ways is to give employees incentives like monetary rewards or gift checks. But, you should know that even the physical design of the workplace can have an impact on employee performance.

1. The Effects of Windows

A study published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine found that workers in workplaces with windows had longer night sleep than those working in windowless offices. Generally, a better sleep puts a person in a better mood.

But, do see to proper window treatment, as well. For instance, if your office is located in a sunny place like Arizona, films for office windows will help block off harmful UV rays while still affording the beneficial properties of windows in the workplace.

2. Adequate Lighting

Poor lighting can cause headaches and eye strain among employees. These conditions may push your employees to take a sick day, or it could slow their pace at work. You can resolve this issue – or at least minimize it – by adding a source of natural daylight to indoor office lighting. Again, your office windows play a major part in this. You may also want to look into creating “warmer” lighting than simply relying on artificial fluorescent lights, which tend to be harsh.

3. Ventilation and Air Quality

study found that poor indoor air quality and high levels of carbon dioxide are bad for the cognitive functions of employees. This problem can be addressed by improving office ventilation and controlling the pollutants that can negatively affect indoor air quality. You may want to look into adding indoor plants to your office design, which not only have a calming effect but also positively impact air quality.

4. The Power of Colors

Many companies have already been using colors to appeal to the psychology and productivity of their employees. Choosing the right shades and hues can encourage positive emotions among workers. For example, green and blue enhance focus. A warm palette (particularly muted orange and carnelian) can trigger creativity while intense colors can encourage physical activity.

5. Pieces of Furniture

While working, most office employees have to sit for hours on end. Investing in high-quality pieces of ergonomic furniture, like chairs, can provide comfort to your employees and reduce cases of neck pain, back pain, and headaches. When employees are comfortable, it is easier for them to be in a good mood. Consequently, a good mood can boost productivity.

Your employees might very well be your biggest investments. As their employer, you are responsible for their welfare while on the job. By providing things that will give them comfort in the office, your employees can give you better performance.