Each generation in a family will pass along certain genetic traits. These traits will influence the appearance of the next generation. For some, it could be curly hair. For others, it may be a strong, defined jawline.
In your case, it is teeth that are not very attractive, and too small for your facial features. This is microdontia, a condition in which the adult teeth are too small. It tends to run along family lines, but it is comforting to know that you can rely on dental prosthetics, such as dental implants and denture, for treatment.
Microdontia patients have small or microdontic teeth (or microdonts). Microdonts may have normal or abnormal structure; they can be regular in shape but abnormal in size, or regular in size but abnormal in shape (e.g. triangle). In many cases, microdonts have small roots with normally sized crowns.
Microdontia is divided into three types:
- True Generalised – All the teeth are well formed, but small in size.
- Relatively Generalised – The teeth are slightly smaller than normal, but the jaw size is large.
- Involving a Single Tooth – Only one tooth is smaller than the rest.
Microdontia does not merely affect your appearance. The condition can also make it harder to chew certain types of food. It can lead to excessive tooth wear, as well as a number of dental conditions, like bad bite and TMJ. Sometimes it affects all the teeth, although very rarely.
Treatment Options for Microdontia
There is good news for people with microdontia: modern dentistry offers many techniques to improve smiles. These include composite veneers and bonding, which are conservative options. For tooth roots that are abnormally small, however, the teeth might not be strong enough for some types of treatment. In this case, a dental implant is a better option.
You may be born with small teeth, but once you discover what dentistry can do for you, you will be smiling bigger than ever.