Any container tank used for storing petroleum products, including aboveground storage tanks, should be ensured by its owner that it is well maintained and doesn’t have any flaws that could cause its content to leak. You may not know it, but it’s too dangerous if tank owners become negligent in maintaining their huge petroleum containers. That’s why the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has created a guideline for owners to ensure the structural soundness of their tanks.
Tank inspections are done to ensure owners comply with standards
The EPA’s Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure Plan (SPCC) ensures that all tank fabrications are properly and regularly inspected, tested, and evaluated by qualified personnel to prevent any kinds of content discharge. Basically, if you own a bulk petroleum storage tank with a minimum capacity of 55 gallons, the SPCC will require you to have a detailed plan based on the industry standards set by the American Petroleum Institute Standard 653 or simply API-653.
Inspections or tests could be regularly conducted depending on several factors of the tank like age, location, or how the tank is built to its location. This is important because a tank standing several meters from the shoreline are prone to corrosion unlike those far from shorelines.
Animals and plants are at risk if oil contacts with bodies of water
If you remember your science class, it’s clear that oil is oftentimes less dense; that’s why it doesn’t mix with water. Living creatures and animals in the sea and nearby locations are at risk when exposed to petroleum oil containing various toxic chemicals.
Scientists found out that fish eggs and embryo developments could be impaired even with a small amount of petroleum exposure. It’s important to note that oil spill clean-up is expensive and could also add up to the damage caused by oil spill itself.
Any tanks containing a high amount of petroleum oil or any other chemicals should be properly inspected, tested, and evaluated to determine its condition. The EPA stresses that tank owners should comply with API standards in ensuring the structural soundness of the containers.