Ultrasound is a noninvasive diagnostic tool that plays an important role in gynecologic medicine. It allows the visualization of the female reproductive tract as well as its surrounding structures. Since it only uses sound waves with controlled frequencies, an ultrasound device generates an image of the specific area of interest without harming adjacent organs. Currently, ultrasound plays a vital role in the diagnosis of several gynecologic conditions.
Uterine fibroids or myoma are solid masses that are found inside the uterus. These are nodules that may cause excessive menstrual bleeding, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, and pressure in the bladder. Since fibroids are benign tumors located in the reproductive tract, ultrasound is the primary diagnostic modality. Upon ultrasound, a sonologist will see discrete, well-defined masses with thin peripheral lining. The size of the mass, as well as the extent of calcification, will also be noted to determine whether surgical removal is necessary.
Adenomyosis is another gynecologic condition that is characterized by the presence of glands in the muscular lining of the uterus. Patients with adenomyosis often present with globular uterus with associated abnormal uterine bleeding. Upon physical examination, an inpidual may also express generalized tenderness in the abdomen. Ultrasound in Chicago is necessary to visualize the presence of ill-defined masses in the inner layer of the uterus.
An ovarian cyst is a condition wherein a mass forms in the ovary, which is important for egg formation. Patients with ovarian cysts may experience pelvic pain which worsens during menstruation, abdominal bloating, and pain that radiates into the back. However, the clinical presentation is not enough to diagnose the presence of cysts. Ultrasound is still needed to confirm the presence of a tumor inside the ovary. It also gives an impression of whether the mass is benign or malignant.
The Bottom Line
Ultrasonography is a modern diagnostic modality that helps clinicians objectively determine your underlying gynecologic condition. It is crucial to visit a gynecologist who can perform different ultrasound modalities to diagnose the pathology.